Crohn’s Disease: Symptoms And Complications


Crohn’s disease in general is a typical type of inflammatory bowel disease affecting different segments of the gastrointestinal tract directly from the mouth to the anus. To be true there isn’t any proper cure for this disease, but regular treatment can easily ease symptoms and help a patient enjoy a proper and active lifestyle. Crohn’s disease is very much close to another type of inflammatory condition which involves the colon and is termed ulcerative colitis. Once these disease starts developing in a person, it tends to fluctuate between periods of remission and periods of relapse.  Here in this article, we would be briefly discussing the symptoms and all the related complications of Crohn’s disease.

Symptoms Of Crohn’s Disease

Patients suffering from the condition of Crohn’s disease have some severe sort of symptoms which can even be followed by periods of no symptoms. These conditions might even last for weeks or even years. Furthermore, these symptoms depend on where this disease happens and how severe it is in actuality. Here are some of the common symptoms of Crohn’s disease.

  • Fever.
  • Weight Loss.
  • Rectal Bleeding.
  • Long-lasting bloody diarrhoea along with pus or mucus.
  • Feeling of tenderness or pain in the stomach.

Complications Related To Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn’s disease usually comes with two different types of complication:

  1. Systemic, which in general affects the whole body. The systemic symptoms are even termed as extraintestinal complications.
  2. Local, affecting only the intestinal part of the body.

Local Complications Of Crohn’s Disease Include:

  • Fissure.
  • Bile salt diarrhea.
  • SIBO or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
  • Fistula.
  • Strictures.
  • Malnutrition and Malabsorption.
crohn's disease digital image

Systemic Complications Of Crohn’s Disease Include:

Arthritis: Arthritis refers to joint inflammation leading to swelling, pain, and lack of flexibility. Furthermore, there are three different types of arthritis referring to Crohn’s disease which includes:

  1. Axial.
  2. Peripheral.
  3. Ankylosing spondylitis.

Skin Issues: Skin diseases or skin issues are the second most common type of systemic complications. Some sort of skin diseases linked with Crohn’s disease include:

  1. Skin Tags.
  2. Erythema Nodosum.
  3. Mouth Ulcers.
  4. Skin Tags.
  5. Pyoderma Gangrenosum.

Eye Problems: Inflammation caused due to Crohn’s disease might even affect the eyes in different ways. Some of the common types of eye conditions include.

  1. Scleritis.
  2. Uveitis.
  3. Episcleritis.

Kidney Problems: Organs like the kidney can be affected by Crohn’s disease because these organs play a pivotal role in processing human waste and are situated near the intestines. Potential kidney issues might include:

  1. Hydronephrosis.
  2. Fistulas.
  3. Kidney Stones.

Typical Causes And Treatment Of Crohn’s Disease

To date, doctors aren’t sure about the actual cause of Crohn’s disease. Some people might even think that it is a type of autoimmune disease. However, according to several medical research, Chron’s disease is a long-term inflammatory problem happening due to the immune system attacking the human body. In most of the cases, Crohn’s disease can be treated with the help of surgery, medicines, and bowel rest. Remember the goal of treating Crohn’s disease is to decrease inflammation in the intestines. In order to prevent regular flare-up of the symptoms, the patient needs to stay in remission.